Rainer, Roland (1910–2004). Austrian architect and town-planner. His influence since the 1939–45 war has been considerable, not only as a practitioner, but as a teacher. In his role as Director of Planning for the City of Vienna (1958–63) he argued for an ecologically aware approach to design. He (with others) was responsible for the Veitingergasse Housing Estate, Vienna (1953–4), and the Puchenau Garden City near Linz, Austria (1964–93), both of which demonstrated his opposition to the high-density housing promoted in Vienna in the 1920s by e.g. Ehn, as well as his advocacy of decentralized developments. He designed Municipal buildings in Vienna (1958), Bremen, Germany (1963–4), and Ludwigshafen, Germany (1962–5), and housing developments at Kassel, Germany (1980), Tamariskengasse, Vienna (1985–93), and Auwiesen, Linz (1990–3). He published many books, including Livable Environments (1972).
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Jane Turner (1996)
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