Holzmeister, Clemens

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Holzmeister, Clemens (1886–1983). Austrian architect, he was an influential teacher, numbering among his pupils Hollein, Holzbauer, and Peichl, while building many works throughout his career. Much of his design drew on historical precedent, even when he was attracted to Expressionism, as in the City Crematorium, Vienna (1921–3). His Eichmann Country House, Litzlberg, Seewalchen (1926–8), was almost Arcadian in its relation to nature, but his more monumental buildings, such as those for the Government in Ankara, Turkey (1931–4), show his grasp of a tradition based on Classicism. He was responsible for developing the Festspielhaus (Festival Theatre), Hofstallgasse, in Salzburg (1926–60), tucked in between a rocky eminence and Fischer von Erlach's Kollegienkirche (College or University Church), and built many churches, among which the Maria Hilf, Bregenz-Vorkloster (1924–31), Judas Thaddeus in der Krim, Vienna (1924–32), St Adalbert, Berlin (1933), Seipel-Dollfuss Memorial, Vienna (1933–4), and the Evangelical Church, Kitzbühel (1960–2), may be mentioned. His output was prodigious.

Bibliography

P. Becker (1966);
Kalman (1994);
Gregor (1953);
Holzmeister (1937, 1976);
Rigele & Loewit (eds.) (2000);
Weiser (1927)