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Hohenberg, Johann Ferdinand Hetzendorf von

Hohenberg, Johann Ferdinand Hetzendorf von (1732–1816). Architect of the arcaded Gloriette, the celebrated eye-catcher in the park at Schönbrunn, Vienna (1773–5), an early revival of the Cinquecento style, as well as the ‘Roman Ruin’ (1778), inspired by Piranesi. He redesigned (1772) the landscape garden at Schönbrunn, and is credited with the interior of the theatre at Schönbrunn Palace. He designed the gardens at Vöslau (from 1774) and at Schönau (from 1796), where the grottoes are among the various fabriques. His ‘Maison de Caprice’ at Laxenburg (1799) is an outstanding fabrique in a variety of styles (including Gothic and Egyptian Revivals). Indeed, Hohenberg was a master of many styles, anticipating C19 eclecticism. His Neo-Classical church at Austerlitz in Moravia (1786) is remarkably pure, and his Palais Fries-Pallavicini, Josefsplatz, Vienna (1783–4), attracted criticism because of its austere façade.

Bibliography

Jane Turner (1996);
Wagner-Rieger (1970)

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