Gowan, James (1923– ). Scots architect, born in Glasgow. He entered into partnership with Stirling (1956–63) with whom he built the much-admired Engineering Building, University of Leicester (1963—which triggered the departure of British architecture from the influences of Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe), and the sub-Brutalist (Brutalism was a term detested by the firm) housing at Ham Common, Richmond, Surrey (1958). His career as an independent architect has been marked by work that is difficult to classify. His large house at West Heath Road, Hampstead, London (1964–8, with Frank Newby), (1926–2001) )had its devotees, and was finely detailed.
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