Fontaine seems to have been the entrepreneur, with Percier as the designer of fine detail. However, the partners did not confine their activities to providing rich Empire interiors, for their buildings (though few) were also beautifully proportioned and elegant: they include the Arc du Carrousel, Paris (1806–8—modelled on the Arch of Septimius Severus, Rome, but treated polychromatically); a whole series of transformations of Paris, of which the Rue de Rivoli and Place des Pyramides (1802–3) are the best-known, although they prepared a huge scheme including a Palais de Chaillot, larger than Versailles, linked on a vast axis to a huge complex of buildings, including a University, École des Beaux-Arts, and Archives, not executed.
After Napoleon's fall, Fontaine became architect to King Louis XVIII (1814–24), for whom he built the Chapelle Expiatoire, Paris (1815–26), on the site of the burial of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette. He also restored the Palais Royal (1814–31) and the Hôtel-Dieu, Pontoise (1823–7). He published Le Palais-Royal (1829) and Résidences de Souverains (1833). In the words of obituarists, Percier and Fontaine ‘never married’, and are buried in the same grave in Père-Lachaise Cemetery, Paris.
Middleton & and Watkin (1987);
D. Watkin (1986)
"Fontaine, Pierre-François-Léonard." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fontaine-pierre-francois-leonard
"Fontaine, Pierre-François-Léonard." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fontaine-pierre-francois-leonard
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.