Skip to main content

Eiffel, Gustave

Eiffel, Gustave (1832–1923). French engineer, he is best known for the iron tower bearing his name erected for the Paris Exhibition of 1889. Whilst the Eiffel Tower was an important step in the use of exposed metal for architectural purposes, Eiffel made other significant contributions, notably in bridge-building throughout Europe, South America, and Indo-China. His railway-bridge over the Truyère at Garabit, France (1880–4), was an example of his technical mastery. He was consultant for the Paris Exhibitions of 1867 and 1878, and devised a theory of how wrought-iron construction performed that enabled precision of design to be achieved. He worked with Boileau on the Bon Marché Department Store, Paris (1876), and designed the internal structural framework for the Statue of Liberty, NYC (1885).

Bibliography

Barthes (1964);
Besset (1957);
Bonet (ed.) (2003);
Harriss (1989);
Lemoine (1984, 1986);
Poncetton (1939);
Prévost (1929);
Jane Turner (1996);

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Eiffel, Gustave." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Oct. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Eiffel, Gustave." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 23, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eiffel-gustave

"Eiffel, Gustave." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved October 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eiffel-gustave

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.