Blood and Blood Vessels
49. Blood and Blood Vessels
- Medicine. a condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal. Also called acid intoxication, autointoxication. —acidotic, adj.
- aneurism, aneurysm
- a disease of the artery wall that causes a localized dilatation of the artery and a pulsating tumor.
- the scientific description of blood vessels. —angiographic, angiographical, adj.
- the branch of anatomy that studies the blood vessels and the lymphatics.
- the pathology of, or changes seen in, diseased blood vessels.
- a lowering of the normal level of oxygen in the blood, of ten experienced at high altitudes.
- the process in which blood corpuscles soak into surrounding tissue through the natural pores of the blood vessels.
- 1. the secretion of blood from a blood vessel into the surrounding tissue as a result of a bruise.
- 2. the bruise or discoloration thus caused.
- the sudden obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign object, as an air bubble or a blood clot.
- drunkenness or intoxication from alcohol, especially as a habitual state.
- a condition in which the blood contains toxin from the intestines.
- bleeding from the nose; nosebleed.
- a device for measuring the count of red blood cells in the blood.
- measurement of the red blood cells in the blood by use of an erythrocytometer.
- the measurement of blood pressure.
- hemaphobia, haemaphobia, hemophobia
- an abnormal fear of the sight of blood. Also hematophobia.
- hematidrosis, haematidrosis
- the excretion of bloody sweat.
- hematocrit, haematocrit
- a centrifuge used for separating blood cells from the plasma.
- hematology, haematology
- the branch of medical science that studies the morphology of the blood and blood-forming tissues. —hematologist, haematologist, n. —hematologie, haematologic, hematological, haematological, adj.
- hematomancy, haematomancy
- divination by means of blood.
- hematophobia, haematophobia
- hematopoiesis, haematopoiesis
- the formation of blood. —hematopoietic, haematopoietic , adj.
- hematosis, haematosis
- 1. hematopoiesis.
- 2. the conversion of venous blood into arterial blood by oxygenation in the lungs.
- a method of tracing variations in blood pressure by having an arterial jet mark a special tracing paper. —hemautograph, n. —hemautographic, adj.
- hemolysis, haemolysis
- the breaking down of erythrocytes with liberation of hemoglobin in the blood. —hemolytic, haemolytic, adj.
- hemopathology, haemopathology, hemapathology, haematopathology
- the branch of medical science that studies the diseases of the blood.
- hemophilia, haemophilia
- a tendency to uncontrolled bleeding. Also hemorrhaphilia, haemorrhaphilia . —hemophiliac, haemophiliac, n., adj.
- hemostasis, haemostasis
- the stoppage of bleeding or cessation of the circulation of the blood; stagnation of the blood in a part of the body. Also hemostasia, haemostasia.
- hemostatic, haemostatic
- a styptic agent or substance. —hemostatic, haemostatic, adj.
- homoiothermy, homoiothermism
- the state or condition of being warmblooded, as mammals and other animals. Cf. poikilothermy. —homoiothermal, homoiothermic, homoiothermous, homeothermal, homiothermal, adj.
- hyperemia, hyperaemia
- a congestion of the blood, occurring in any part of the body. —hyperemic, hyperaemic, adj.
- a deposit or sediment, particularly a settling of blood in lower parts of the body as a result of a slowing down in the circulation. —hypostatic, hypostatical, adj.
- 1. an instrument for measuring the pressure of gases or vapors.
- 2. an instrument for measuring blood pressure. Also called sphygmanometer. —manometric, adj.
- melanemia, melanaemia
- a disease of the blood, distinguished by the presence in the blood of black pigment.
- pachyemia, pachyaemia
- thickening of the blood.
- a blood cell that ingests and destroys bacteria, foreign particles and other cells in the bloodstream. —phagocytic, adj.
- the action of phagocytes in ingesting and destroying cells.
- the scientific description of vein structure. —phlebographical, adj.
- the study of the veins. —phlebological, adj.
- a medical treatment involving incision of a vein; bloodletting. Also called venesection . —phlebotomist, n. —phlebotomize, v. —phlebotomic, phlebotomical, adj.
- poikilothermy, poikilothermism
- the state or condition of being cold-blooded, as reptiles and other animals. Cf. homoiothermy. —poikilothermal, poikilothermic, poikilothermous, adj.
- sapremia, sapraemia
- blood poisoning caused by putrefactive microorganisms in the bloodstream.
- blood poisoning caused by absorption into the blood of pathogenic microorganisms. —septic, adj.
- septicemia, septicaemia
- blood poisoning caused by pathogenic microorganisms and their toxic products in the bloodstream. —septicemic, —septicaemic, adj.
- the scientific description or recording of the pulse. —sphygmograph, n. —sphygmographic, sphygmographical, adj.
- Medicine. the sum of what is known about the pulse.
- manometer, def. 2.
- the property of being astringent or tending to halt bleeding by contraction of the tissues. —styptic, adj.
- toxemia, toxaemia
- 1. a condition of illness due to the presence in the bloodstream of toxins.
- 2. blood poisoning. —toxemic, toxaemic, adj.
- uremia, uraemia
- a toxic condition resulting from the presence of urinary constituents in the blood, caused by deficiencies in the secretion of urine. —uremic, uraemic, adj.
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