Skip to main content

Billings, Robert William

Billings, Robert William (1813–74). English architect, better known for his fine illustrations and draughtsmanship, as in History and Description of St Paul's Cathedral (1837), Churches of London (1839), and Durham Cathedral (1843). His most celebrated work was Baronial and Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Scotland (1845–52), an important book for Scots antiquarianism, and a major source-book of the Scottish Baronial style. He also published several works on Gothic architecture. He had an extensive practice, specializing in restoration. He designed Castle Wemyss, Renfrewshire, various works at Dalziell Castle, Motherwell, Lanarkshire (1859), the Church of St. John, Crosby-on-Eden, Cumb. (1854), and a fine monument in Carlisle Cemetery consisting of two interpenetrating obelisks in memory of Peter Nicholson (1856).

Bibliography

Billings (1845–52);
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Billings, Robert William." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Billings, Robert William." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/billings-robert-william

"Billings, Robert William." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved August 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/billings-robert-william

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.