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cinnabar

cinnabar The commonest mercury mineral, HgS; sp. gr. 8.0–8.2; hardness 2.0–2.5; trigonal; scarlet-red to brownish-red; vermilion streak; adamantine lustre; crystals rhombohedral or thick, tabular plates, but can occur massive or granular; cleavage perfect prismatic {101̄} sedimentary rocks, in fractures in areas of volcanic activity, and around hot springs, associated with pyrite, stibnite, and realgar. It is the only major ore of mercury.

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cinnabar

cinnabar (sĬn´əbär), mineral, the sulfide of mercury, HgS. Deep red in color, it is used as a pigment (see vermilion), but principally it is a source of the metal mercury. It is mined in Spain, Italy, and in the United States in California. The mercury is obtained from it by roasting, the sulfur combining with oxygen and passing off as sulfur dioxide.

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cinnabar

cin·na·bar / ˈsinəˌbär/ • n. a bright red mineral consisting of mercury sulfide. It is the only important ore of mercury and is sometimes used as a pigment. ∎  the bright red color of this; vermilion: [as adj.] the blood coagulated in cinnabar threads.

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cinnabar

cinnabar vermilion XV; red sulphide of mercury XVI. — L. cinnabaris — Gr. kinnábari.

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