Skip to main content
Select Source:

Sub-Atlantic

Sub-Atlantic A colder, wetter climatic phase which followed more continental Sub-Boreal times. The change from Sub-Boreal to Sub-Atlantic conditions in Britain is roughly coincident with the transition from Bronze to Iron Age cultures. The Sub-Atlantic marks a period of renewed peat growth on bog surfaces that in late Sub-Boreal times were sufficiently dry and humified to support heath vegetation, e.g. Calluna vulgaris (ling, heather). This renewed peat growth gives a major recurrence surface, the Grenz horizon, which in Britain defines the Zone VIIb/Zone VIII (Sub-Boreal/Sub-Atlantic) boundary of the standard pollen stratigraphy. See pollen analysis; and pollen zone.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Sub-Atlantic." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Sub-Atlantic." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sub-atlantic

"Sub-Atlantic." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sub-atlantic

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

sub-Atlantic

sub-Atlantic A colder, wetter climatic phase which followed more continental sub-Boreal times. The change from sub-Boreal to sub-Atlantic conditions in Britain is roughly coincident with the transition from Bronze to Iron Age cultures. The sub-Atlantic marks a period of renewed peat growth on bog surfaces that in late sub-Boreal times were sufficiently dry and humified to support healthy vegetation (e.g. Calluna vulgaris, ling, heather). This renewed peat growth gives a major recurrence surface, the Grenz horizon, which in Britain defines the zone VIIb/zone VIII (sub-Boreal/sub-Atlantic) boundary of the standard pollen stratigraphy (see pollen zone).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"sub-Atlantic." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sub-Atlantic." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sub-atlantic-0

"sub-Atlantic." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sub-atlantic-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

sub-Atlantic

sub-Atlantic A colder, wetter climatic phase which followed more continental sub-Boreal times. The change from sub-Boreal to sub-Atlantic conditions in Britain is roughly coincident with the transition from Bronze to Iron Age cultures. The sub-Atlantic marks a period of renewed peat growth on bog surfaces that in late sub-Boreal times were sufficiently dry and humified to support healthy vegetation, e.g. Calluna vulgaris (ling, heather). This renewed peat growth gives a major recurrence surface, the Grenz horizon, which in Britain defines the zone VIIb/zone VIII (sub-Boreal/sub-Atlantic) boundary of the standard pollen stratigraphy (see POLLEN ZONE).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"sub-Atlantic." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sub-Atlantic." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sub-atlantic-1

"sub-Atlantic." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sub-atlantic-1

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.