Skip to main content
Select Source:

Boreal Period

Boreal Period A period in post-glacial (i.e. post-Devensian or Flandrian) times from about 8800–7500 years bp, which preceded the climatic optimum of early Atlantic times (see Atlantic Period). Pollen records (pollen zone) typically show an increasing abundance of thermophilous tree species and also indicate the drier, more continental conditions that characterized the ensuing Atlantic period. The early Boreal corresponds to late Pollen Zone V; otherwise the Boreal is linked with Pollen Zone VI, which is sometimes subdivided to give Zones VIa, VIb, and VIc, according to the most abundant tree pollen represented. For Britain the Boreal Period is significant as the last period in post-glacial times in which Britain was joined to mainland Europe by a land bridge across the Dover Strait.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Boreal Period." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 May. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Boreal Period." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boreal-period

"Boreal Period." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved May 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boreal-period

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Boreal Period

Boreal Period A period in post-glacial (i.e. post-Devensian or Flandrian) times from about 8800–7500 years BP, which preceded the climatic optimum of early Atlantic times. Pollen records (pollen zone) typically show an increasing abundance of thermophilous tree species and also indicate the drier, more continental conditions that characterized the ensuing Atlantic period. The early Boreal corresponds to late Pollen Zone V; otherwise the Boreal is linked with Pollen Zone VI, which is sometimes subdivided to give Zones VIa, VIb, and VIc, according to the most abundant tree pollen represented. For Britain, the Boreal period is significant as the last period in post-glacial times in which Britain was joined to mainland Europe by a land bridge across the Dover Strait.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Boreal Period." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 May. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Boreal Period." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boreal-period-0

"Boreal Period." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved May 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boreal-period-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.