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bean gall

bean gall A red or pink, kidney-bean-shaped gall, found on the leaves of Salix species (willow) and caused by the small sawfly, Pontania proxima (family, Tenthredinidae). A second brood laid in the early autumn by the adults that emerged in summer may over-winter in the gall. Sometimes the term ‘bean gall’ is used more generally to describe any red or brown gall caused by any Pontania species. Many galls may occur on a single leaf and, like other gall-causing species, the insects support a large community of parasites and hyperparasites.

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"bean gall." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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bean gall

bean gall A red or pink, kidney-bean-shaped gall, found on the leaves of Salix species (willow) and caused by the small sawfly Pontania proxima (family Tenthredinidae). A second brood laid in the early autumn by the adults that emerged in summer may overwinter in the gall. Sometimes the term ‘bean gall’ is used more generally to describe any red or brown gall caused by any Pontania species. Many galls may occur on a single leaf and, like other gall-causing species, the insects support a large community of parasites and hyperparasites.

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"bean gall." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"bean gall." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bean-gall

"bean gall." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved February 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bean-gall

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

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The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
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