a control-flow graph,
a dataflow graph,
an information flow graph.
Information flow analysis identifies the relationships between outputs and the input variables, and a semantic analysis provides formulas for these relationships. Comparing the results of semantic analysis with a formal program specification reveals inconsistencies between specification and implementation.
Early work (1975–76) led to analyzers (DAVE, AUDIT, FACES) for single languages such as Fortran. Later work led to analyzers for C (e.g. LINT, 1978). There are now analysis tools (e.g. MALPAS, SPADE) that are multilanguage and have facilities for comparing specification and code.
"static analysis." A Dictionary of Computing. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/computing/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/static-analysis
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