The main disadvantages of a star network are:
(a) central switch failure disrupts the entire network;
(b) circuit failures between the central switch and the terminals result in loss of user communication (no alternate paths);
(c) the cost of having every user directly connected to the central site may be very high for geographically distant (dispersed) nodes;
(d) total communication capacity is often limited by the speed of the central switch.
The main advantage of a star network is that the design of the end terminals may be very simple. See also network architecture.
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