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tularaemia (rabbit fever) (tew-lă-ree-miă) n. a disease of rodents and rabbits, caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, that may be transmitted to humans. Symptoms include an ulcer at the site of infection, inflamed and ulcerating lymph nodes, headache, aching pains, loss of weight, and a fever lasting several weeks. Treatment with chloramphenicol, streptomycin, or tetracycline is effective.