minimally invasive surgery

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minimally invasive surgery (minimal-access surgery) (min-i-măli) n. surgical intervention involving the least possible physical trauma to the patient, particularly surgery performed using an operating laparoscope or other endoscope (see laparoscopy) passed through a tiny incision; it is known popularly as keyhole surgery. Several types of abdominal surgery, including gall bladder removal (see cholecystectomy), are now commonly performed in this way. Explanation of minimally invasive surgery from the Royal College of Surgeons