Ocampo, José Antonio 1952-

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OCAMPO, José Antonio 1952-

PERSONAL: Born December 20, 1952, in Cali, Colombia; married; children: three. Education: University of Notre Dame, B.A., 1972; Yale University, Ph.D., 1976.


ADDRESSES: Offıce—United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Two United Nations Plaza, Room DC2-2320, New York, NY 10017.


CAREER: Civil servant. Universidad de los Andes, Bogota, Colombia, researcher, 1976-79, professor of economics, 1976-84, 1988, 1993, director of Centro de Estudios sobre Desarrollo Econímico, 1980-82; Journal Desarrollo y Sociedad, director, 1980-82; Fedesarrollo (foundation for higher education and development), alternative executive director and research officer, 1983-84, executive director, 1984-88, senior research officer, 1988-89, 1991-93; Journal Coyuntura Economica, coeditor, 1984; Chenery (employment mission), national director, 1985-86; Colombian government, advisor on coffee affairs, 1989-90, minister of agriculture and social development, 1993-94, ministry of planning, director of national planning department, 1994-96, minister of finance and public credit, 1996-97; WIDER-SIDA, head of mission to Nicaragua, 1989-91; Universidad Nacional de Colombia, professor of history, 1990; Colombian Foreign Trade Board, advisor, 1990-91; Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, executive secretary, 1998-2003; United Nations under-secretary general for economic and social affairs, 2003—. Visiting professor at universities, including Yale University, Oxford University, and Cambridge University.

MEMBER: Colombian Academy of Economics, Colombian Academy of History.


AWARDS, HONORS: Alejandro Angel Escobar national prize for science (Colombia), 1988; named executive of the year, Junior Chamber of Bogota, 1989; Order of Boyaca Great Cross, 1997; honorary degree from San Marcos University (Lima, Peru), 1998; Chilean Government Grand Cross of the Order of Merit, 2003.


WRITINGS:

(With Leonardo Villar) Metodología para calcular el efecto de la retroactividad de la cesantia, Centro de Estudios sobre Desarrollo Económico (Bogota, Colombia), 1982.

En defensa de la continuidad del régimen cambiario (title means "In Defense of the Crawling Peg"), Coyuntura Económico, 1983.

(With Guillermo Perry) La reforma fiscal, 1982-1983, Coyuntura Económico, 1983.

(With Santiago Montenegro) Crisis mundial, protección e industrialización: ensayos de historia económica colombiana, CEREC (Bogota, Colombia), 1984.

(Editor) Colombia y la economía mundial, 1830-1910, Siglo XXI Editores (Bogota, Colombia), 1984, 2nd edition, 1987. (Editor) La política económica en la encrucijada (title means "Economic Policy at the Crossroads"), Banco de la República-CEDE (Bogota, Colombia), 1984.

(Editor with Eduardo Sarmiento) Hacia un nuevo modelo de Desarrollo? Un debate (title means "Toward a New Model of Development?"), Tercer Mundo-Dedesarrollo/Universidad de los Andes (Bogota, Colombia), 1987.

(Editor with Manuel Ramírez) El problema laboralColombiano: informes especiales de la nisión de empleo, Contraloría General de la República/DNP/SENA (Bogota, Colombia), 1987.

(With Eduardo Lora) Stabilization and AdjustmentPolicies and Programmes: Colombia, Wider (Helsinki, Finland), 1987.

(Editor) Historica económica de Colombia, Siglo Veintiuno (Bogota, Colombia), 1987.

(Editor) Planes antinflacionares: reciente en laAmerica Latina, Fondo de Cultura Económica (Mexico City, Mexico), 1987.

(Editor) Lecturas de economia cafetera, Fedesarrollo (Bogota, Colombia), 1987.

(Editor) Lecturas de macroeconomia colombiana, Fedesarrollo (Bogota, Colombia), 1988.

(Editor, with Eduardo Lora) El sector comercio enColombia, Fedesarrollo (Bogota, Colombia), 1988.

Colombia y la deuda externa, Fedesarrollo (Bogota, Colombia), 1988.

(Editor) Economía postKeynesiana, Fondo de Cultura Económica (Mexico), 1988. Los dilemas de la política comercial en AméricaLatina, Coyuntura Económica, 1988. (Editor with Eduardo Lora) Introducción a la macroeconomía Colombiana, Tercer Mundo/Fedesarrollo (Bogota, Colombia), 1989, 3rd edition, with Lora and Roberto Steiner, 1994.

Ciclo cafetero y comportameinto macroeconómico enColombia, 1940-1987, Coyuntura Económica, 1989.

Efectos de la liberación y del control de importanciones sobre la industria manufacturera Colombiana, 1976-1988, Coyuntura Económica, 1989.

(Editor) Inflación y estabilización e América Latina: nuevos modelos estructuralistas, Fedesarrollo (Bogota, Colombia), 1990.

(With Rosario Córdoba) La coyuntura cafetera internacional en perspectiva, Coyuntura Económica, 1990.

Recurrent Hyperinflation and Stabilization in Nicaragua, Pesquisa e Plajenamento Economico, 1991.

La internacionalizacion de la economia colombiana, CLADEI/FESCOI (Bogota, Colombia), 1993.

(With Leonardo Villar) Fuentes de competitividad de las exportaciones industriales de Colombia, Coyuntura Económica, 1993.

(Editor, with Roberto Steiner) Foreign Capital in LatinAmerica, Inter-American Development Bank (Washington, DC), 1994.

(With Santiago Perry) El giro de la politica agropecuaria, Tercer Mundo (Bogota, Colombia), 1995.

Participación privada en la provisión de servicios sociales: el caso Colombiano, Coyuntura Social, 1996.

Reforming the International Financial Architecture:Consensus and Divergence, Naciones Unidas (Santiago, Chile), 1999.

(With Stephany Griffith-Jones and Jacques Cailloux) The Poorest Countries and the Emerging International Financial Architecture, Expert Group on Development Issues (Stockholm, Sweden), 1999.

International Financial Reform: An Ongoing Debate, CEPAL/Fondo de Cultura Económica (Santiago, Chile), 1999.

Hacia una reforma finaciera internacional: cinco temas esentiales, Nueva Sociedad (Caracas, Venezuela), 2000.

(Editor with Stefano Zamagni, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Carlo Pietrobelli) Financial Globalization and the Emerging Economies, International Jacques Maritain Institute/ECLAC (Santiago, Chile), 2000.

(Editor with Enrique Cárdenas and Rosemary Thorp; and contributor) An Economic History of Twentieth-Century Latin America, Palgrave (Basingstoke, England), Volume I: The Export Age: The Latin-American Economies in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries, 2000, Volume III: The Postwar Years, 2002.

Equity, Development, and Citizenship, CEPAL, 2001.

Rethinking the Development Agenda, CEPAL, 2001.

Una decada de luces y sombres. America Latina y elCaribe en los años noventa, CEPAL, 2001.

Un futuro económico para Colombia, Alfaomega (Bogota, Colombia), 2001.

Small Economies in the Face of Globalization (lectures), Wildey (St. Michael, Barbados), 2003.

(With Inés Bustillo) Asymmetries and Cooperation in the Free Trade Area of the Americas, ECLAC (Santiago, Chile), 2003.

(With María Angela Parra) Returning to an EternalDebate: The Terms of Trade for Commodities in the Twentieth Century, CEPAL (Santiago, Chile), 2003.

(With María Luisa Chiappe) Counter-Cyclical Prudential and Captial Account Regulations in Developing Countries, Almqvist & Wiksell International (Stockholm, Sweden), 2003).

(With Stephany Griffith-Jones) What Progress onInternational Financial Reform? Why So Limited?, Almqvist & Wiksell International (Stockholm, Sweden), 2003.

(Editor and contributor) Rethinking Development Strategies, Stanford University Press (Stanford, CA), 2003.

Contributor to books, including Europe and the Andean Countries: A Comparison of Economic Policies and Institutions, Third World Foundation (London, England), 1983; Latin-American Debt and the Adjustment Crisis, Macmillan (London, England), 1987; Adjustment and Recovery: Latin America's Prospects for Growth and Development, Basil Blackwell (Oxford, England), 1989; Debt, Stabilization, and Development, Macmillan, 1989; The Macroeconomics of Populism in Latin America, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, IL), 1991; The Columbian Economy: Issues of Trade and Development, Westview Press (Boulder, CO), 1992; The Rocky Road to Reform: Adjustment, Income Distribution, and Growth in the Developing World, MIT Press (Cambridge, MA), 1993; Trade and Growth: New Dilemmas in Trade Policy, MIT Press, 1993; Trade and Industrialization in Turbulent Times, Routledge (New York, NY), 1994; Manufacturing for Export in the Developing World: Problems and Possibilities, Routledge (London, England), 1995; Capital Flows and Investment Performance: Lessons from Latin America, ECLAC/OECD (Paris, France), 1998; After Neoliberalism, What Next for Latin American?, University of Michigan Press (Ann Arbor, MI), 1999; Globalización XXI: América Latina y los desafíos del nuevo milenio, Aguilar Chilena (Santiago, Chile), 2000; Monetary Standards in the Periphery: Paper, Silver, and Gold, 1854-1933, Macmillan, 2000; External Liberalization, Economic Performance, and Social Policy, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 2001; The Management of Global Financial Markets, Fondad (The Hague, Netherlands), 2001; Financial Crises in "Successful" Emerging Economies, Brookings Institution Press (Washington, DC), 2001; Development Economics and Structuralist Macroeconomics: Essays in Honour of Lance Taylor, Edward Elgar (Aldershot, England), 2002; From Capital Surges to Drought: Seeking Stability for Emerging Markets, ECLAC/Wider (London, England), 2003; Critical Issues in Financial Reform: A View from the South, Transaction Publishers (New Brunswick, NJ), 2003; and International Capital Flows in Calm and Turbulent Times, University of Michigan Press, 2003. Contributor to periodicals, including Chinese in Latin America, Coyuntura Económica, Desarrollo y Sociedad, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of International Economics, Revista de la CEPAL, Econimía Exterior, Revista de Economía, Socialist Affairs, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis, Journal of Latin-American Studies, Pensamiento Iberoamericano, Análysis Político, and Economía Colombiana.

SIDELIGHTS: Economist José Antonio Ocampo was appointed United Nations undersecretary-general for economic and social affairs in the fall of 2003 by U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan. Prior to assuming this position, Ocampo was executive secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL) beginning in 1998. Ocampo, who is Colombian, was previously the Minister of Finance and Public Credit, Minister of Agriculture, and Minister of Planning in his home country. He has written several works on economics, politics, trade, and commerce.


Ocampo began his career in economics as the director of the Center for Development Studies at the University of the Andes in 1980. In 1983 he began a decade of working with the Foundation for Higher Education and Development (Fedesarrollo). From 1984 to 1988, he was the group's executive director. Ocampo has also served as the national director of Colombia's Employment Mission, as advisor to the Colombian Foreign Trade Board and the Colombian National Council of Entrepreneurial Associations, and as a member of the Technical Commission on Coffee Affairs. A consultant to the Inter-American Bank, the World Bank, and the United Nations, he has also served as visiting professor to Yale University, and the universities of Cambridge and Oxford.


Of Ocampo's book Colombia y la economía mundial, 1830-1910, Frank Safford noted in his review for the Hispanic American Historical Review that the work is "too important to go unnoticed. It is a masterful analysis of the Colombian economy in the nineteenth century." Drawing on previous work on the topic, as well as his own analysis, Ocampo explains prominent events in Colombian economic history.


In An Economic History of Twentieth-Century Latin America, Ocampo and his coeditors present an examination of the history of Latin-American economies during the modern period. Volume one covers the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, volume two—which Campos did not edit—covers the 1930s, and volume three covers the period from World War II to the late twentieth century. The work explains why economic events happened, and explores the impact of these events on subsequent history and the economy in the region. In Choice, J. L. Dietz wrote that the volumes "are extremely well-written, relatively comprehensive, and analytically challenging."


BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:

PERIODICALS

Business History, January, 2002, Tamas Szmrecsanyi, review of An Economic History of Twentieth-Century Latin America, Volume III, p. 132.

Choice, October, 2001, J.L. Dietz, review of AnEconomic History of Twentieth Century-Latin America, p. 357.

Hispanic American Historical Review, February, 1988, Frank Safford, review of Colombia y la economía mundial, p. 167; November, 1988, David C. Johnson, review of Historica económica de Colombia, p. 814; May, 1990, review of Crisis mundial, protección e industrialización: Ensayos de historia económica Colombiana, p. 363.

Journal of Economic Literature, June, 1995, review of Foreign Capital in Latin America, p. 918.

Latin American Research Review, summer, 1989, Sebastian Edwards, review of Planes antinflacionares: reciente en la America Latina, p. 172.

Times Literary Supplement, January 18, 2002, Edward N. Luttwak, review of An Economic History of Twentieth-Century Latin America, p. 12.


ONLINE

Economic Commission for Latin America and theCaribbean Web site,http://www.eclac.cl/ (July 25, 2002).

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