Skip to main content

Bolton, Michele Kremen 1952-

Bolton, Michele Kremen 1952-

PERSONAL: Born 1952. Education: Stanford University, B.A. (psychology); San Jose State University, M.B.A.; University of Southern California, Ph.D. (management).

ADDRESSES: Office—ExecutivEdge of Silicon Valley, 18 Park Ave., Los Gatos, CA 95030.

CAREER: Consultant and author. San Jose State University College of Business, San Jose, CA, professor of management; The Learning Curve (consulting firm), founder; ExecutivEdge of Silicon Valley (executive development and management consulting firm), Los Gatos, CA, partner; Center to Develop Women Entrepreneurs, founder.

AWARDS, HONORS: Various faculty awards from San Jose State University.

WRITINGS:

The Third Shift: Managing Hard Choices in Our Careers, Homes, and Lives as Women, Jossey-Bass (San Francisco, CA), 2000.

SIDELIGHTS: Michele Kremen Bolton is a management consultant and professor whose first book addresses a dilemma of contemporary women. The Third Shift: Managing Hard Choices in Our Careers, Homes, and Lives as Women is based on Bolton's three-year study of women in California's Silicon Valley. The "shifts" Bolton discusses are 1) time spent at the workplace; 2) time spent caring for the home and family; and 3) time spent worrying about the other two shifts. This third shift is the time during which a woman worries about her performance, identity, and whether she is meeting all expectations of her, both at work and at home. Bolton notes that women often impose an "internal glass ceiling" of their own.

Bolton is not critical of men, but she does cite a study in which 2 percent of male supervisors said they felt female subordinates faced hardships because of their gender, while two-thirds of the women studied said they faced such hardships. She also contends that while modern fathers want to maintain a better balance between work and family, they do not face the pressures of their partners. "American women are caught in the cultural schizophrenia of mutually exclusive expectations, facing increasing pressure (and opportunities) to assume increasingly active responsibility in the workplace," Bolton writes, "while at the same time encouraged to remain in traditional roles in a society hammered daily by haunting media exposes of neglected children…. On the other hand, the second income of working women makes our consumer society hum."

Bolton offers tips for dealing with the first and second shifts, including how to handle household tasks. She also strongly recommends time off for renewal, noting that the crucial "third shift" is also experienced by stay-at-home mothers and entrepreneurial women. A Publishers Weekly contributor called the volume "an engaging look at the work-family conflicts faced by many professional women."

BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:

BOOKS

Bolton, Michele Kremen, The Third Shift: Managing Hard Choices in Our Careers, Homes, and Lives as Women, Jossey-Bass (San Francisco, CA), 2000.

PERIODICALS

Publishers Weekly, July 3, 2000, review of The Third Shift: Managing Hard Choices in Our Careers, Homes, and Lives as Women, p. 60.

Women in Action, April, 2003, review of The Third Shift, p. 31.

Women in Business, January-February, 2001, Rachel Warbington, review of The Third Shift, p. 15.

ONLINE

CNN.com, http://www.cnn.com/ (November 20, 2000), Larry Keller, review of The Third Shift.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bolton, Michele Kremen 1952-." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Bolton, Michele Kremen 1952-." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/bolton-michele-kremen-1952

"Bolton, Michele Kremen 1952-." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/bolton-michele-kremen-1952

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.