Urfian, Chrétien, French violist, violinist, organist, and composer of German descent; b. Montjoie, near Aachen, Feb. 16, 1790; d. Paris, Nov. 2, 1845. He taught himself to play various instruments, then settled in Paris, where he studied composition with Le Sueur. He became a member of the Opéra orch. in 1814, where he was made 1stviolinist in 1823 and soloist in 1836 and also appeared as a violist with it. In 1827 he became organist at St. Vincent and in 1828 concertmaster of the Société des Concerts du Conservatoire; also played in chamber-music concerts. In the Cons. Concerts he employed a 5-stringed violin (violon-alto,with the tuning c-g-d1-a1-e2),producing charming effects. He composed a cantata, Les champs de repos, 2string quintets, piano pieces, and songs.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Urfian, Chrétien." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/urfian-chretien
"Urfian, Chrétien." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/urfian-chretien
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.