Tunder, Franz, celebrated German organist and composer; b. Bannesdorf, near Burg, Fehmarn, 1614; d. Lübeck, Nov. 5, 1667. From 1632 to 1641 he was court organist at Gottorp, where he studied with J. Heck-elauer, a pupil of Frescobaldi; in 1641 he became organist of the Marienkirche in Lübeck, being succeeded at his death by his son-in-law, Dietrich Buxtehude. In addition to his regular duties as organist there, he founded a series of evening concerts (Abendmusiken) for the performance of organ works by himself and other German composers and vocal pieces by Italian composers. His extant works comprise 17 vocal pieces,14 organ works, and a Sinfonia. See M. Seiffert, ed., Franz Tunder: Kantaten und Chorwerke,Denkmäler Deutscher Tonkunst, III (1900), idem, ed., Franz Tunder: Vier Praeludien,Organum, IV/6 (Leipzig, 1925), R. Walter, ed., Franz Tunder: Sämtliche Choralbearbeitungen (Mainz, 1959), J. Golos and A. Sutkowski, eds., Keyboard Music from Polish Manuscripts: Organ Chorales by Heinrich Scheidemann and Franz Tunder,Corpus of Early Keyboard Music, X (1967), and K. Beckmann, ed., Franz Tunder: Sämtliche Orgelwerke (Wiesbaden, 1974).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire