Shinohara, Makota, Japanese composer and teacher; b. Osaka, Dec. 10, 1931. He was a student of Ikenouchi at the Tokyo National Univ. of Fine Arts and Music (1952–54), of Messiaen at the Paris Cons. (1954–59), of Zimmermann at the Cologne Hochschule für Musik (1962–64), and of Stockhausen in Cologne (1962–65). He then worked at the Univ. of Utrecht electronic music studio (1965–66) and at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Studio in N.Y. (1971–72). After serving as a prof. of Japanese music at McGill Univ. in Montreal (1978), he settled in the Netherlands in 1979 as a composer and teacher.
ORCH.: Solitude (1961); Visione II (1970); Egalisation (1975); Liberation for Strings (1977); Cooperation for 8 Japanese and 8 Western Instrumentalists (1990; rev. version, Zürich, Sept. 16, 1991). CHAMBER : Violin Sonata (1958); 8 pièces concertante for Trumpet and Piano (1959); Obsession for Oboe and Piano (1960); Alternance for 6 Percussionists (1961–62); Consonance for Flute, Horn, Cello, Harp, Vibraphone, and Marimba (1967); Reflexion for Oboe (1970); Rencontre for Percussion and Tape (1972); Tayutai for Koto, Percussion, and Voice (1972); Kyudo for Shakuhachi and Harp (1973); Passage for Stereophonically Amplified Bass Flute (1980; rev. 1986); Play for 9 Winds (1982; rev. 1985); Turns for Chamber Ensemble (1984); Evolution for Cello (1986); Situations for Saxophone and 2 Digital Electric Keyboards (1993). Piano : Undulation A for 1 Piano (1996) and B for 2 Pianos (1997). VOCAL : Personnage for Man’s Voice, Tape, and Optional Pantomime and Color Lighting (1968); Ways of Dreams for Chorus, Japanese Instruments, and Chamber Orch. (1992). OTHER: Tape pieces.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Shinohara, Makota." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shinohara-makota
"Shinohara, Makota." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shinohara-makota
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.