Shield, William, English violinist and composer; b. Swalwell, County Durham, March 5, 1748; d. Brightling, Sussex, Jan. 25, 1829. He was taught by his father, a singing master, on whose death he was apprenticed to a shipbuilder; then took lessons in music with Charles Avison at Newcastle upon Tyne. He played violin in various small theaters in the neighborhood, and in 1772 settled in London as violinist at the King’s Theatre; from 1773 to 1791 he played the viola there. He produced his first comic opera, A Flitch of Bacon, at the Haymarket Theatre on Aug. 17, 1778; it was followed by a great number of theatrical pieces. After holding the post of composer to Covent Garden from 1778 to 1791, he traveled in France and Italy, returning to Covent Garden in 1792; he retained this position until 1797. He was appointed Master of the King’s Music in 1817, and was the last to compose court odes in 1818. He wrote about 40 light operas, pantomines, musical farces, ballad operas, etc., as well as 6 string quartets, 6 string trios, 6 duets for 2 Violins, and other instrumental pieces. He publ. An Introduction to Harmony (1800) and The Rudiments of Thoroughbass (1815). Shield had some original ideas, and was not averse to experimentation; e.g., he wrote movements in 5/4 time.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Shield, William." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shield-william-0
"Shield, William." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved August 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shield-william-0
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.