Shields, Carol (1935–2003)
Shields, Carol (1935–2003)
Canadian novelist and short-story writer. Born Carol Warner, June 2, 1935, in Oak Park, Illinois; died of breast cancer, July 16, 2003, in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada; Hanover College, BA; attended University of Exeter in England; University of Ottowa, MA; m. Donald Hughes Shields (professor of civil engineering), 1957; children: 5
Moved with Canadian husband to Canada (1957); taught literature at universities of Ottawa and British Columbia; served as editor for journal Canadian Slavonic Papers; lived with family in Winnipeg after 1980, working as professor of English and chancellor at University of Manitoba; won Pulitzer Prize for The Stone Diaries (1993); works include Small Ceremonies (1976), The Box Garden (1977), Happenstance (1980), A Fairly Conventional Woman (1982), Various Miracles (1985), Swann (1987), The Orange Fish (1989), Larry's Party (1997), Dressing Up for the Carnival, (2001), and the bestselling Unless (2002); also wrote a book of literary criticism, Susanna Moodie: Voice and Vision (1977), and a biography, Jane Austen, which won the Charles Taylor prize for literary nonfiction (2002).
"Shields, Carol (1935–2003)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shields-carol-1935-2003
"Shields, Carol (1935–2003)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved July 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shields-carol-1935-2003
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.