Serafin, Tullio

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Serafin, Tullio (b Rottanova di Cavarzere, Venice, 1878; d Rome, 1968). It. cond. Played vn. in orch. of La Scala. Début as cond. Ferrara 1898. Turin 1903, Rome 1906, then cond. at La Scala 1909–14 and at subsequent intervals to 1946–7. CG 1907, 1931, 1959, 1960. Salzburg Fest. début 1939. NY Met 1924–34 (début Aida), cond. f. Amer. ps. of Turandot and Simon Boccanegra. Chief cond. and art. dir., Rome Opera, 1934–43 and from 1962. NY City Opera début 1952, Chicago Opera 1956–8. Cond in Italy of Der Rosenkavalier, Wozzeck, and Peter Grimes. Furthered career of Rosa Ponselle and was encourager of Callas in early years. Coached and cond. Joan Sutherland in Lucia di Lammermoor, CG 1959.