Saar, Mart , Estonian composer; b. Vastemōisa, Livonia, Sept. 16, 1882; d. Tallinn, Oct. 28, 1963. He was a pupil of Louis Homilius, Rimsky-Korsakov, and Liadov at the St. Petersburg Cons. (1901–11). He was active as a folk-song collector, critic, and teacher in Dorpat, Reval (Tallinn), and Hüpassare; also taught composition at the Tallinn Cons. (1943–56). He was one of Estonia’s leading composers, composing orch. music, choral works, including cantatas and many songs, and much piano music.
K. Leichter, M. S. (Tallinn, 1964); V. Rumessen, ed., M. S. sōnas ja pildis (M. S. in Words and Pictures; Tallinn, 1973).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire