Regnart, Jacob , prominent South Netherlandish composer; b. Douai, c. 1540; d. Prague, Oct. 16, 1599. He began his career as a chorister in the Prague Hofkapelle of Maximilian (from 1577), continuing in his service in Vienna when he became the emperor Maximilian. After studies in Italy (1568–70), he became music teacher of the chapel choristers. After Maximilian’s death (1576), Emperor Rudolf II appointed Regnart a member of his Hofkapelle, which soon thereafter was removed to Prague, where he became its Vice-Kapellmeister (1579). Regnart was Vice-Kapellmeister (1582–85) and Kapellmeister (1585–96) to Archduke Ferdinand of Innsbruck, then again in Prague as Vice-Kapellmeister (from 1596). He had 4 brothers, all of whom were active as musicians. W. Pass ed. Jacob Regnart: Opera omnia in Corpus Mensurabilis Musicae, LXII/4–6 (1972–75).
VOCAL: Sacred: Sacrae aliquot cantiones, quas moteta vulgus appellat for 5 to 6 Voices (Munich, 1575); Aliquot cantiones, vulgo motecta appellatae, ex veteri atque novo testamento collectae for 4 Voices (Nuremberg, 1577); Mariale, hoc est, Opusculum sacrarum cantionum omnibus Beatissimae Virginis Mariae festivitatibus for 4, 6, and 8 Voices (Innsbruck, 1588); Missae sacrae ad imitationem selectissimarum cantionum suavissima harmonia for 5 to 6 and 8 Voices (Frankfurt am Main, 1602); Continuatio Missae sacrae ad imitationem selectissimarum cantionum suavissima harmonia for 4 to 6, 8, and 10 Voices (Frankfurt am Main, 1603); Corollarium missarum sacrarum ad imitationem selectissimarum cantionum suavissima harmonia com-positarum (Frankfurt am Main, 1603); Sacrarum cantionum for 4 to 8 and 12 Voices (Frankfurt am Main, 1605); Canticum Mariae for 5 Voices (Dillingen, 1605); Missarum flores illustrium num-quam hactenus visi (Frankfurt am Main, 1611); Magnificat, ad octo modos musicos compositum cum duplici antiphona, Salve regina for 8 and 10 Voices (Frankfurt am Main, 1614); numerous other works in contemporary collections. Secular:// primo libro delle canzone italiane for 5 Voices (Vienna, 1574); Kurtzweilige teutsche Lieder, nach Art der Neapolitanen oder welschen Villanellen for 3 Voices (Nuremberg, 1576; 2nd ed., 1578, as Der erste Theyl schÖner kurtzweiliger teutscher Lieder); Der ander Theyl kurtz-weiliger teutscher Lieder for 3 Voices (Nuremberg, 1577); Der dritter Theyl schÖner kurtzweiliger teutscher Lieder for 3 Voices (Nuremberg, 1579); Newe kurtzweilige teutsche Lieder for 5 Voices (Nuremberg, 1580); II secundo libro delle canzone italiane for 5 Voices (Nuremberg, 1581); Teutsche Lieder…in ein Opus zusamen-druckt for 3 Voices (Munich, 1583); Tricinia: Kurtzweilige teutsche Lieder for 3 Voices (Nuremberg, 1584); Kurtzweilige teutsche Lieder for 4 Voices (Munich, 1591); other works in contemporary collections.
F. Mossier, Jakob R.s Messen (diss., Univ. of Bonn, 1964); W. Pass, /. R. und seine lateinischen Motetten (diss., Univ. of Vienna, 1967); idem, Thematischer Katalog sämtlicher Werke J. R.s, Tabulae Musicae Austriacae, V (1969).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
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