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1. The art of scoring mus. for an orch. or band. Many composers show special skill in this, e.g. Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven, while Berlioz, Wagner, Mahler, Elgar, Strauss, Ravel, Rimsky-Korsakov, and Britten were all masters of the art.

2. Arr. of a work for orch. which was comp. for another medium, e.g. Ravel's orchestration of his own Ma mère l'Oye, written for pf. duet.