Matthay, Tobias (Augustus)
Matthay, Tobias (Augustus)
Matthay, Tobias (Augustus) , eminent English pianist and pedagogue; b. London, Feb. 19, 1858; d. High Marley, near Haslemere, Surrey, Dec. 14, 1945. He began to play the piano at the age of 6, and was taught by private teachers. In 1871 he entered the Royal Academy of Music in London as a pupil of Dorrell (piano). He won the Sterndale Bennett scholarship, and continued to study piano (with Macfarren). He took courses with Sterndale Bennett, and, after the latter’s death (1875), completed his studies with Ebenezer Prout and Arthur Sullivan. He subsequently was on the faculty of the Royal Academy of Music as a sub-prof. (1876–80) and full prof. (1880–1925); in 1900 he established his own piano school in London. The Matthay System, as his teaching method was known, stressed mastery of both the psychological and physiological aspects of piano performance; it became famous not only in England but on the Continent and in America. Students flocked to him and carried his method abroad. Matthay also composed In May, an overture, Piano Quartet, numerous piano pieces, and songs.
(all publ. in London unless otherwise given):The Art of Touch in All Its Diversity (1903); The First Principles of Pianoforte Playing (1905; 2nd ed., rev., 1906); Relaxation Studies...in Pianoforte Playing (Leipzig, 1908); Some Commentaries on the Teaching of Pianoforte Technique (1911); The Child’s First Steps in Pianoforte Playing (1912); The Fore-arm Rotation Principle in Pianoforte Playing (1912); Musical Interpretation (1913); On Method in Teaching (1921); An Epitome of the Laws of Pianoforte Technique (1931); The Visible and Invisible in Pianoforte Technique (1932; 2nd ed., rev., 1947); etc.
J. Henderson Matthay, The Life and Work of T.M. (London, 1945); A. Coviello, What M. Meant (London, 1948).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Matthay, Tobias (Augustus)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/matthay-tobias-augustus-0
"Matthay, Tobias (Augustus)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/matthay-tobias-augustus-0
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.