Madeira, Jean (née Browning)
Madeira, Jean (née Browning)
Madeira, Jean (née Browning), American mezzo-soprano; b. Centralia, Ill., Nov. 14, 1918; d. Providence, R.I., July 10, 1972. She studied piano with her mother; at the age of 12, she was piano soloist with the St. Louis Sym. Orch. She took vocal lessons in St. Louis, then studied both piano and voice at the Juilliard School of Music in N.Y. In 1943 she made her operatic debut as Nancy in Martha in Chautauqua, N.Y. In 1948 she joined the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y, where she sang minor roles. She went to Europe, where she first gained notice as Carmen in Vienna, Aix-en-Provence, and Munich in 1955; also sang Erda at her Covent Garden debut in London that same year. She then returned to the Metropolitan, where she appeared as Carmen on March 17, 1956; she remained on the Metropolitan’s roster until 1971. Her European tours included appearances at the Vienna State Opera, the Bavarian State Opera in Munich, Milan’s La Scala, the Paris Opéra, and Bayreuth. She married the conductor, pianist, and composer Francis Madeira in 1957.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Madeira, Jean (née Browning)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/madeira-jean-nee-browning
"Madeira, Jean (née Browning)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved April 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/madeira-jean-nee-browning
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.