Juzeliünas, Julius, Lithuanian composer; b. Cepole, Feb. 20, 1916. He studied with Gruodis at the Kaunas Cons, (graduated, 1948) and at the Leningrad Cons, with Voloshinov (graduated, 1952). Returning to Lithuania, he taught at the State Cons, in Vilnius (from 1952). His compositions follow the spirit of socialist realism, treating heroic themes in stage productions and romantic subjects in instrumental music; on occasion, he uses modern techniques, including dodecaphony.
dramatic:Opera: Sukiléliai (The Rebels; 1957; Vilnius, 1960); Zaidimas (The Game; 1968). Ballet: Andromeda (1982); Lokis (1997). orch.: 6 syms.: No. 1 (1948), No. 2 (1949), No. 3, Zmogaus lyra (Man’s Lyre) for Baritone, Chorus, and Orch. (1965), No. 4, Symphony for the Unknown Soldier (1971–81), No. 5 (1974), and No. 6, Hymn of the Plains, for Women’s Chorus and Strings (1982); Heroic Poem (1950); African Sketches, suite (1961); Poem-Concerto for Strings (1961); Passacaglia-Poem (1962); Concerto for Organ, Violin, and Strings (1963); Concerto Grosso for Strings, Wind Quintet, and Piano (1966); Concerto for Clarinet and Strings (1985; also for Clarinet and String Quartet); Dionysia (1992); Wreath to Those Who’ve Left (1992); Contrast Music for Violin and Orch. (1992); Kaleidophony No. 3 for Strings (1995) and No. 4 (1998). chamber: 2 piano sonatas (1947, 1986); 4 string quartets (1962, 1966, 1969, 1980); Sonata for Oboe and Clarinet (1971); Violin Sonata (1972); Sonata for Solo Horn (1975); Sonata for Violin and Cello (1977); Diptych for Violin and Organ (1981); Ragamalika for Wind Quintet (1982); Sym. for Solo Organ (1984); Flobo-Clavio, quartet for Flute, Oboe, Harpsichord, and Cello (1987); Kaleidophony No. 1 for Flute, Bass Clarinet, and Piano (1992). Piano: Kaleidophony No. 2 (1994). vocal: Concerto for Tenor and Orch. (1955); Pelenu lopsine (Lullaby to the Ashes), symphonic poem for Mezzo-soprano, Chorus, and Orch. (1963); Melika, sonata for Voice and Organ (1973); Cantus magnificat, sym.-oratorio for 2 Soloists, 2 Choruses, Organ, and Orch. (1979); The Language of Flowers, cantata for Soprano and String Orch. or Organ (1985).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire