Gruenberg, Erich, Austrian-born English violinist; b. Vienna, Oct. 12, 1924. After studying in Vienna, he was awarded a scholarship to the Jerusalem Cons, in 1938; subsequently was engaged as concertmaster of the radio orch. there. In 1946 he went to London, and became a naturalized British subject in 1950. He served as concertmaster of the Boyd Neel Orch.; then of the Stockholm Phil. (1956-58), the London Sym. Orch. (1962-65), and the Royal Phil. (1972-76); also made appearances as a soloist and as a chamber music player. In 1994 he was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire