Skip to main content

Gassmann Florian Leopold

Gassmann Florian Leopold

Gassmann, Florian Leopold, important Bohemian composer; b. Brux, May 3, 1729; d. Vienna, Jan. 20, 1774. He studied voice, violin, and harp with Johann Woborschil (Jan Voboril), the regens chori in Brux; his father opposed his interest in music, so he ran away from home, eventually making his way to Italy, where he may have studied with Padre Martini in Bologna. His first opera, Merope, was given in Venice in 1757. After serving Count Leonardo Veneri there, he was invited to Vienna to become ballet composer at the court in 1763. He soon established himself as an opera composer, gaining fame with his comic operas L’amore artigiano (Vienna, April 26, 1767) and La Contessina (MahrischNeustadt, Sept. 3, 1770). In 1772 he was appointed court composer and also founded and served as 1st vice-president of the Tonkunstler-Sozietat, a benevolent society for musicians. In addition to his operas, he distinguished himself as an accomplished symphonist. He was highly esteemed by Mozart, Gerber, Burney, and Salieri, the last having been his student in Vienna. His 2 daughters, Maria Anna Fux (b. Vienna, 1771; d. there, Aug. 27, 1852) and (Maria) Therese Rosenbaum (b. Vienna, April 1, 1774; d. there, Sept. 8, 1837), were pupils of Salieri; both were active as singers.

Works

DRAMATIC Opera : Merope (Venice, Carnival 1757; only the overture and Act 1 extant); Issipile (Venice, Carnival 1758); Gli Uccellatori, dramma giocoso (Venice, Carnival 1759); Filosofia ed amore, dramma giocoso (Venice, Carnival 1760); Catone in Utica (Venice, 1761; only 1 aria extant); Un Pazzo nefa cento, dramma giocoso (Venice, 1762); L’Olimpiade (Vienna, Oct. 18, 1764); II trionfo d’amore, azione teatrale (Vienna, Jan. 25, 1765); Achille in Sciro (Venice, 1766); // Viaggiatore ridicolo, dramma giocoso (Vienna, May 25, 1766); L’amore artigiano, dramma giocoso (Vienna, April 26, 1767); Amore e Psiche (Vienna, Oct. 5, 1767); La notte critica, dramma giocoso (Vienna, Jan. 5, 1768); L’opera seria, commedia per musica (Vienna, 1769); Ezio (Rome, Carnival 1770); La Contessina, drama giocoso (Mahrisch-Neustadt, Sept. 3, 1770; ed. in Denkmaler der Tonkunst in Osterreich, XLII-XLIV, Jg. XXI/1, 1914); II Filosofo inamorato, dramma giocoso (Vienna, 1771); Le Pescatrici, dramma giocoso (Vienna, 1771); Don Quischott von Mancia, comedy (Vienna, 1771; Acts 1 and 2 by Paisiello, Act 3 by Gassmann); I rovinati, comedy (Vienna, June 23, 1772); La casa di campagna, dramma giocoso (Vienna, Feb. 23, 1773). VOCAL: S a c r e d : La Betulia liberata, oratorio (Vienna, March 29, 1772); masses; motets; offertories; graduals; hymns; etc. I n s t r u m e n t a l : About 60 syms. (1 ed. by K. Geiringer, Vienna, 1933; 1 ed. by L. Somfai in Musica Rinata, XVIII, 1970); 27 opera overtures; Flute Concerto; 37 string quartets; 8 string quintets; 10 wind quintets; 37 wind trios; 7 string duos; etc.

Bibliography

F. Kosch, F. L. G. als Kirchenkomponist (diss., Univ. of Vienna, 1924); E. Leuchter, Die Kammermusik F. L. G.s (diss., Univ. of Vienna, 1926); E. Girach, F. L. G. (Reichenberg, 1930); G. Hill, The Concert Symphonies ofF. L. G. (1729–1774) (diss., N.Y.U., 1975); idem, A Thematic Catalog of the Instrumental Music ofF. L.G. (Hackensack, N.J., 1976).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gassmann Florian Leopold." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Gassmann Florian Leopold." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gassmann-florian-leopold

"Gassmann Florian Leopold." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gassmann-florian-leopold

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.