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csárdás (Hung. csárda, a country inn). Hungarian dance, often misspelt czardas, in 2 parts; slow introductory lassù followed by excited main section in duple time, friss. The mus. has a wild, gipsy flavour, but its origin among peasants in country inns is dubious, since the dance was almost certainly invented by aristocrats in the 1830s, and popularized at fashionable balls. Liszt was one of first composers to use the csárdás as the basis for comps. The form of the csárdás is also used vocally, a famous example being sung by Rosalinde at Orlofsky's party in Act II of Die Fledermaus.