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Boehm, Theobald

Boehm, Theobald (Boehm System, Boehm Flute) (b Munich, 1794; d Munich, 1881). Ger. flautist and composer, remembered principally for the system whereby he replaced the clumsily-placed holes of his instr. by keys enabling the cutting of the holes in their proper acoustical positions, yet leaving them in easy control of the fingers. He made his first ‘ring key’ fl. in 1832, while a player in Munich court orch., and in 1847 brought out an improved metal fl. with 15 holes and 23 levers and keys. This system has been adapted for ob., cl., and bn. Boehm was also a goldsmith and ironmaster. From 1833 to 1846 he superintended reorganization of Bavarian steel industry.

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