Andriessen, Hendrik (Franciscus)
Andriessen, Hendrik (Franciscus)
Andriessen, Hendrik (Franciscus), eminent Dutch organist, pedagogue, and composer, brother of Willem (Christiaan Nicolaas) Andriessen and father of Jurriaan Andriessen and Louis (Joseph) Andriessen; b.Haarlem, Sept. 17, 1892; d. Heemstede, April 12, 1981. He studied music with his brother; then took piano and organ lessons with Louis Robert and J. B. de Pauw; studied composition with Zweers at the Amsterdam Cons. (1914–16); subsequently taught harmony there (1926–34). He succeeded his father as organist at St. Joseph’s Church in Haarlem (1913–34); was then organist at Utrecht Cathedral (1934–49). He was director of the Royal Cons, of Music in The Hague (1949–57) and special prof. at the Catholic Univ. in Nijmegen (1952–63). His music is Romantically inspired; some of his instrumental works make use of modern devices, including melodic atonality and triadic polytonality. He was particularly esteemed for his revival of the authentic modalities of Gregorian chant; his choral works present a remarkable confluence of old usages with modern technical procedures.
DRAMATIC: Opera: Philomela (Holland Festival, June 23, 1950; De Spiegel uit Venetië (The Mirror from Venice; 1964; Dutch TV, Oct. 5, 1967). ORCH.: 4 syms. (1930, 1937, 1946, 1954); Variations and Fugue on a Theme of Kuhnau for Strings (1935); Capriccio (1941); Variations on a Theme of Couperin for Flute, Harp, and Strings (1944); Ballet Suite (1947); Ricercare (1949); Wilhemus van Nassouwe, rhapsody (1950); Organ Concerto (1950); Symphonic Étude (The Hague, Oct. 15, 1952); Libertas venit, rhapsody (1954); Mascherata, fantasy (1962); Symphonie concertante (1962); Violin Concerto (1968–69); Concertino for Oboe and Strings (1969–70); Concertino for Cello and Orch. (1970); Chromatic Variations for Flute, Oboe, Violin, Cello, and Strings (1970); Canzone (1971); Chantecler, overture (1972). CHAMBER: Cello Sonata (1926); Violin Sonata (1932); 3 Inventions for Violin and Cello (1937); Piano Trio (1939); Suite for Violin and Piano (1950); Sonata for Solo Cello (1951); Suite for Brass Quintet (1951); Wind Quintet (1951); Ballade for Oboe and Piano (1952); Theme and Variations for Flute, Oboe, and Piano (1953); 3 string quartets (1957, 1961, 1969); Pezzo festoso for Organ, 2 Trumpets, and 2 Trombones (1962); Canzonetta for Harpsichord (1963); Canzone, Trio No. 2 for Flute, Oboe, and Piano (1965); Viola Sonata (1967); Concert spirituel for Flute, Oboe, Violin, and Cello (1967); Haydn Variations for English Horn and Piano (1968); Clarinet Sonata (1971); Choral varié for 3 Trumpets and 3 Trombones (1973). keyboard: piano: 2 sonatas (1934, 1966); Pavane (1937); Serenade (1950). Organ: 4 chorales (1913, c. 1918, 1920, 1952); Toccata (1917); Fête-Dieu (1918); Sonata de Chiesa (1927); Passacaglia (1929); Sinfonia (1940); Intermezzi (1943); Theme and Variations (1949); 4 Studies (1953). VOCAL: Missa Simplex for Chorus (1927); Missa Sponsa Christi for Men’s Chorus and Organ (1933); Missa Christus Rex for Double Chorus and Organ (1938); 2 Madrigals for Chorus and Strings (1940); Te Deum Laudamus I for Chorus and Organ or Orch. (1943–46), and II for Chorus and Orch. (1968); De Zee en het land (Declamatorium) for Chorus, Speaker, and Orch. (1953); Veni Creator for Chorus and Orch. (1960); Psalm IX for Chorus, Tenor, and Orch. (1968); Lux Jocunda for Chorus, Tenor, and Orch. (1968); Carmen Saeculare (Horatius) for Chorus, Soprano, Tenor, Winds, Harpsichord, and Double Bass (1968). Solo Song Cycles (most with Organ or Orch.): L’Aube spirituelle (1916); L’Invitation au voyage (1918); Magna res est amor (1919); L’Attente mystique (1920); Miroir de peine (1923); Cantique spirituel (1924); La Vierge à midi (1966).
A. de Jager, P. Op de Coul, and L. Samama, eds., Duizend kleuren van muziek: Leven en werk van H. A. (Zutphen, 1992).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire