SCHUMAKER, Paul. American, b. 1946. Genres: Politics/Government. Career: University of Kansas, Lawrence, assistant professor, 1971-78, associate professor, 1978-90, professor of political science, 1990-, department head, 1981-85, 1998-2003, director of Division of Government, 1984-85, 1998-2003. Publications: (with R. Getter and T. Clark) Policy Responsiveness and Fiscal Strain in Fifty-One American Communities: A Manual for Studying City Politics Using the NORC Permanent Community Sample, 1979, rev. ed., 1983; Critical Pluralism, Democratic Performance, and Community Power, 1991; (with D. Kiel and T. Heilke) Great Ideas/Grand Schemes: Political Ideologies in the 19th and 20th Centuries, 1995; (with B. Loomis) Choosing a President: The Electoral College and Beyond, 2001. Work represented in anthologies. Contributor to political and social science journals. Address: Department of Political Science, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, U.S.A. Online address: [email protected]
"Schumaker, Paul." Writers Directory 2005. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/schumaker-paul
"Schumaker, Paul." Writers Directory 2005. . Retrieved January 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/schumaker-paul
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.