Skip to main content

Franco, Veronica (1546–1591)

Franco, Veronica (15461591)

A famous courtesan and poet of Venice. Trained in her profession by her mother, she married a physician while still a teenager, but on the breakup of her marriage she became a courtesan, highly regarded among the nobility of Venice and renowned throughout Europe for her intelligence, witty conversation, and gift as a writer. She walked in the city's literary circles and wrote Terza Rime and Lettere Familiari a Diversi, two books of poetry, as well as anthologies of the works of other writers and poets. She also founded a charity for courtesans. Franco survived an outbreak of plague that struck Venice in 1575, although her house was ransacked and she lost nearly all of her possessions. In 1577 she was accused and tried for witchcraft, but won an acquittal through an impassioned defense. Her books have survived as eloquent witness to the social life of Venice and her personal battles in support of women and the poor.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Franco, Veronica (1546–1591)." The Renaissance. . 23 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Franco, Veronica (1546–1591)." The Renaissance. . (April 23, 2019).

"Franco, Veronica (1546–1591)." The Renaissance. . Retrieved April 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.