Reichardt, Louise (1779–1826)
Reichardt, Louise (1779–1826)
German composer. Born on April 11, 1779, in Paris, France; died on November 17, 1826, in Hamburg, Germany; daughter of Johann Friedrich Reichardt (a composer at the court of Frederick II the Great) and Juliane Benda (a singer, pianist, and composer); studied with her father and with Johann Friedrich Clasing.
Organized and conducted several women's choruses (1817); mainly composed songs; prepared singers for Hamburg's musical festival (1818) but was not allowed to conduct as that was considered inappropriate for a woman.
Louise Reichardt was born in 1779 in Paris, France, the daughter of Johann Friedrich Reichardt, a composer at the court of Frederick II the Great, and Juliane Benda , a singer, pianist, and composer. By the time she was 11, four of Louise's songs appeared in an anthology of her father's compositions. In 1808, she began teaching. A year later, Reichardt struck out on her own to seek her fortune in Hamburg, where she supported herself as a teacher, choral conductor, and composer. She adopted the Romantic artistic model. Unlike earlier generations, Reichardt was determined not to depend on royal patronage for her income but rather upon a wider public audience. Most of her songs, written from 1809 until her death in 1826, were popular with the middle-class society which dominated Hamburg; her melodies were memorable and her piano accompaniments simple. Because of its melodic lyricism, Reichardt's music has been compared with that of Franz Schubert. Reichardt was engaged to poet Friedrich Eschen, who suddenly died before their wedding. A second engagement to the painter Franz Gareis was also terminated by death. She was very involved with preparing the Hamburg chorus for public concerts. As a woman, however, she was never allowed to conduct in public. Despite these gender restrictions, Reichardt strongly influenced musical life in Hamburg through her composing, teaching, and behind-the-scenes conducting.
John Haag , Athens, Georgia
"Reichardt, Louise (1779–1826)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/reichardt-louise-1779-1826
"Reichardt, Louise (1779–1826)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/reichardt-louise-1779-1826
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.