Skip to main content

Mary of Guelders (1433–1463)

Mary of Guelders (1433–1463)

Queen of Scotland . Name variations: Mary of Gelders; Mary of Gueldres; Mary of Gelderland; Marie von Geldern. Born on July 3, 1433, in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Scotland (some sources cite Guelders, the Netherlands); died on December 1, 1463, in Scotland; interred in Holy Trinity Church, Edinburgh; daughter of Arnold, duke of Guelders, and Catherine of Cleves (1417–1479); married James II (1430–1460), king of Scotland (r. 1437–1460), on July 3, 1449; children: James III (1451–1488), king of Scotland (r. 1460–1488); Margaret Stewart (fl. 1460–1520); Alexander (c. 1454–1485), 1st duke of Albany; David, earl of Moray (died in infancy); David (c. 1454–1456); John (c. 1456–1479), earl of Mar and Garioch; Mary Stewart (c. 1451–1488).

A Dutch noblewoman, Mary of Guelders became queen of Scotland upon her marriage to King James II. Over time, she became a great supporter and patriot of her adopted country, playing an important role in Scotland's continuous wars against English rule. Even after James died in 1460, Mary of Guelders maintained the Scottish campaigns against the British as regent of Scotland for her young son, now James III. The queen was a capable strategist and leader, heading the siege of several northern English towns and conquering the town of Berwick. She was a prominent political force in Scotland throughout her regency and even beyond, and was rewarded by the Scots' loyalty to her rule. In 1462, she founded the Church of the Holy Trinity in Edinburgh. She died young, the following year, at the age of 30.

Laura York , Riverside, California

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mary of Guelders (1433–1463)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . 18 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Mary of Guelders (1433–1463)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . (April 18, 2019).

"Mary of Guelders (1433–1463)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.