Maria Antonia of Sicily (1814–1898)

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Maria Antonia of Sicily (1814–1898)

Grand duchess of Tuscany . Name variations: Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies; Maria Antonia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Born on December 19, 1814, in Palermo; died on November 17, 1898, in Orth, near Gmunden; daughter of Marie Isabella of Spain (1789–1848) and Francis I, king of the Two Sicilies (r. 1825–1830); married Leopold II (1797–1870), grand duke of Tuscany (r. 1824–1859), on June 7, 1833; children: ten, including Maria Isabella (1834–1901, who married Francesco, count of Trapani); Ferdinand IV (1835–1908), grand duke of Tuscany; Charles Salvator (1839–1892, who married Maria Immaculata of Sicily ); Maria Ludovica (1845–1917, who married Charles of Isenburg-Birstein); Louis Salvator (1847–1915); John Nepomucen (1852–1891, who renounced rights in 1889 and took the name Johann Orth); and four others who died young. Leopold's first wife was Maria Anna of Saxony (1799–1832).