Skip to main content

Gertrude of Flanders (d. 1117)

Gertrude of Flanders (d. 1117)

Duchess of Lorraine. Name variations: Gertrude of Lorraine. Died in 1117; daughter of Robert I, count of Flanders (r. 1071–1093), and Gertrude of Saxony (fl. 1070); married Henry III, count of Louvain, count of Brussels (died 1095); married Thierry of Alsace, duke of Lorraine; children: (first marriage) four daughters (names unknown); (second marriage) Thierry of Alsace.

Gertrude of Flanders became a powerful and active widow. She eventually buried two husbands, each time increasing her own wealth and individual power. When her second husband died, Gertrude refused to marry again; instead, she seemed quite content with the feudal powers she gained through her extensive properties and by the very fact that, without a husband, she had no legal guardian to keep her from acting as she wished. Gertrude's independence led to her involvement in the politics of the Holy Roman Empire, including plotting against the royal family and sending her troops into battle to defeat her enemies.

Laura York , Riverside, California

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gertrude of Flanders (d. 1117)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . 18 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Gertrude of Flanders (d. 1117)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . (February 18, 2019).

"Gertrude of Flanders (d. 1117)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.