Skip to main content

Caton-Thompson, Gertrude (1888–1985)

Caton-Thompson, Gertrude (1888–1985)

English archaeologist. Born on February 1, 1888 (some sources cite 1889), in London, England; died on April 18, 1985, in Hereford, Worcester, England; educated at the Links School, Eastbourne, and at Newnham College, Cambridge; trained at the British School of Archaeology in Egypt, studying under Flinders Petrie.

Together with the young British woman archaeologist Elinor W. Gardner , Gertrude Caton-Thompson worked on a number of projects in Egypt, especially in Northern Fayum (1924–28). Her investigations pushed back the beginnings of Egyptian culture as far as 5000 bce, into the Neolithic era, and were reported in her book The Desert Fayum. In 1928–29, she traveled to Rhodesia to excavate the ruins at Zimbabwe (the name would eventually be adopted by that country when it ceased to be subjugated by colonial rule). Caton-Thompson worked on the early site of Kharga Oasis in Egypt (1930–33), later publishing Kharga Oasis in Pre-history, and the tombs and temples of Hureidha in the Hadramaut of southern Arabia (1937–38), which resulted in The Tombs and Moon Temple of Hureidha, Hadramaut. She was president of the British Prehistoric Society, vice-president of the Royal Anthropological Institute, governor of Bedford College (University of London), and a fellow of Newnham College (Cambridge). Gertrude Caton-Thompson retired in 1957.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Caton-Thompson, Gertrude (1888–1985)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Caton-Thompson, Gertrude (1888–1985)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/caton-thompson-gertrude-1888-1985

"Caton-Thompson, Gertrude (1888–1985)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/caton-thompson-gertrude-1888-1985

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.