Shaykh, Hanan al (1945–)
Shaykh, Hanan al (1945–)
Lebanese novelist and playwright. Born 1945 in Beirut, Lebanon; brought up in Ras al-Naba; attended American College for Girls in Cairo, 1963–66.
One of the foremost writers of the Arab world, began career as a journalist in Beirut, working for the magazines al-Hasna and al-Nahar (1968–75); published 1st book Intihar rajul mayyit (1970); left Lebanon because of civil war (1976), living in Saudi Arabia until 1982, then moved to London; came to international prominence with Hikayat Zahrah (The Story of Zahra, 1980), followed by Misk al-ghazal (Women of Sand and Myrrh, 1989); other writings, which focus on the limitations imposed on women in a patriarchal society, include Barid Bayrut (Beirut Blues, 1992), Only in London (2000) and a collection of short stories I Sweep the Sun off Rooftops (1998); works have often been banned in the Arab world.
"Shaykh, Hanan al (1945–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shaykh-hanan-al-1945
"Shaykh, Hanan al (1945–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved January 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shaykh-hanan-al-1945
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.