Rozhanskaya, Mariam (1928–)

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Rozhanskaya, Mariam (1928–)

Russian historian of mathematics and mechanics. Name variations: Mariam Mikhaylovna Rozhanskaia. Born July 28, 1928, in Shigry, near Kursk, Russia; moved to Moscow with mother when young; m. Vladimir Nikolaevich Rozhansky (professor and physicist).

Noted math historian, was hired by S.P. Tolstov, director of Institute of Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences, to research the ancient astronomer and mathematician al-Biruni; with B.A. Rosenfeld and P.G. Bulgakov, published an annotated translation of al-Biruni's astronomical encyclopaedia, Canon of Mas'ud (1973–76); joined (1967) and later served as a senior fellow of Institute for History of Science and Technology at USSR's Academy of Sciences; with Rosenfeld and Z.K. Sokolovskaya, published an al-Biruni biography (1973); published an annotated translation of medieval Muslim scholar al-Khazani's The Book of the Balance of Wisdom (1983); became a corresponding member of Académie Internationale d'Histoire des Sciences (1991) and full member (1997).

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Rozhanskaya, Mariam (1928–)

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