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McLaughlin, M. Louise (1847–1939)

McLaughlin, M. Louise (1847–1939)

American artist. Name variations: Mary Louise McLaughlin. Born 1847 in Cincinnati, Ohio; died 1939; attended McMicken School of Design in Cincinnati.

Pioneering ceramic artist, developed underglazing techniques known as "faience," leading to new style known as "Cincinnati Limoges" or "Cincinnati Faience" ware; founded Cincinnati Art Pottery Club (1879) with Clara Newton and Laura Ann Fry; patented new method of decoration called "American Faience" (1895); became 1st to produce studio porcelain in US and 1st to discover technique for decorating under glaze, achieving considerable recognition in NY and Paris and winning several international awards; produced most successful work, Losanti (named after Cincinnati's original name, Losantiville), around 1901, using high-fired translucent porcelain carved and filled with delicate glazes; abandoned ceramics entirely at age 59 (1906); wrote several books on ceramic art, including China Painting (1887), the 1st manual on subject written in US by woman for women, launching china painting movement.

See also Anita J. Ellis, Ceramic Career of M. Louise McLaughlin (Ohio U. Press, 2003).

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