Marwedel, Emma (1818–1893)

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Marwedel, Emma (1818–1893)

American educator. Born Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel, Feb 27, 1818, in Münden, near Göttingen, Germany; died Nov 17, 1893, in San Francisco, CA; dau. of Capt. Heinrich Ludwig Marwedel and Jacobina (Brokmann) Marwedel.

Became 1st director of Girls' Industrial School (Hamburg, 1867–68); published Warum bedürfen wir weibliche Gewerbeschule? und wie sollen sie angelegt sei? (1868); with encouragement from Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, immigrated to US; established women's cooperative industrial school (Long Island, NY, 1870), private school with kindergarten and Froebelian teacher-training classes (Washington, DC, 1871), California Model Kindergarten and the Pacific Model Training School for Kindergartners (Los Angeles, CA, 1876), and Pacific Kindergarten Normal School (San Francisco, CA); served as leading founder (1879) and 1st president of California Kindergarten Union.

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