Martín Gaite, Carmen (1925–)

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Martín Gaite, Carmen (1925–)

Spanish novelist and historian. Name variations: Carmen Martin Gaite. Born in Salamanca, Spain, Dec 8, 1925; graduated of University of Salamanca, 1948; m. Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio (a writer), 1953 (div. 1987); children: 2.

Began to establish a reputation as one of Spain's foremost writers with publication of short novel El balneario (The Spa) (1954), which won the Gijón Prize, in part for innovatively combining fantastic and realistic elements; won Nadal Prize, Spain's most prestigious literary award, for novel Entre visillos (Behind the Curtains, 1958); other novels include Ritmo lento (1962), Retahílas (1974), Fragmentos de interior (1976), and El cuarto de atrás (1978), which received Spain's National Literature Prize and is her most widely acclaimed work.

See also Women in World History.