Skip to main content

Gaskin, Ina May (1940–)

Gaskin, Ina May (1940–)

American midwife. Born Ina May, Mar 8, 1940, in Marshalltown, Iowa; graduated from University of Iowa with bachelors, 1962; Northern Illinois University, MA, 1966; m. Steven Gaskin (spiritual leader).

Self-educated midwife considered the "mother of authentic midwifery," began career while traveling throughout US with husband, a spiritual leader (1970); established and worked at the Farm Midwifery Center in an alternative community, the Farm, created by spiritual leader Steven Gaskin's caravan in Summertown (TN); taught English in Kuala Trengganu, Malaysia (1963–65), as a US Peace Corps member; taught English as second language for the Office of Economic Opportunity in San Francisco; learned emergency childbirth and sterile techniques from Dr. Louis La Pere; selected to care for Amish childbirths in TN (1980s) by Dr. John O. William Jr.; established the Farm Midwifery Center's "woman-centered philosophy of childbirth as the norm for national obstetrical care"; served as an editor of The Birth Gazette; wrote Spiritual Midwifery; her holistic approach to midwifery is supported in The American Journal of Public Health.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gaskin, Ina May (1940–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . 20 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Gaskin, Ina May (1940–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . (January 20, 2019).

"Gaskin, Ina May (1940–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved January 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.