Franca, Celia (1921–)
Franca, Celia (1921–)
British ballerina, choreographer and founder. Born in London, England, June 25, 1921; dau. of a British tailor; studied dance at Guildhall School of Music and Royal Academy of Dancing with Marie Rambert; also studied with Stanislas Idzikowski, Judith Espinosa, and Antony Tudor.
Made debut at 15, performing in The Planets with the Ballet Rambert; as a member of the Ballet des Trois Arts, choreographed her 1st piece, Midas (1939); went on to dance and choreograph with Sadler's Wells, the Metropolitan Ballet, the Ballet Jooss, and other companies; recommended as a founding director of a Canadian classical company by Dame Ninette de Valois (1951), pulled the National Ballet of Canada together in 10 months; remained its director for 24 years, relying on the classics and creating her own ballets when necessary, including Cinderella (1968), which won an Emmy (1970), and several versions of The Nutcracker (1955 and 1964); with Betty Oliphant, founded the National Ballet School (1959). Received the St. George's Society of Toronto award (1987); was among the 1st to be honored with the Order of Ontario.
See also James Neufield, Power to Rise: The Story of The National Ballet of Canada (U. of Toronto Press, 1996); and Women in World History.
"Franca, Celia (1921–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/franca-celia-1921
"Franca, Celia (1921–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved March 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/franca-celia-1921
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.