, and Stanley , The Jack Roller (edited by Clifford Shaw , 1930)
. Both are associated with the Chicago School of sociology.
The life-history approach achieved some prominence during the 1920s and 1930s in North America, and prompted a debate over the value of ideographic versus nomothetic methods. By the late 1930s, the dominant trends had moved towards abstract theory in the work of Talcott Parsons and quantitative methodology in the work of Paul Lazarsfeld, so the life-history approach became less prominent in sociological research. From the 1960s onwards, however, there has been a revival of interest in life-histories, and one writer has referred to a ‘multiple renaissance’ in life-history studies across a range of academic disciplines, as part of the post-structuralist concern with narratives and the construction of text.
Two main approaches to life-history may be distinguished. The more traditional approach aims to provide an objective account of the life in order to throw light on social processes: it may help explore the subjective dimensions of a life, trace the historical connections between a life and a social structure, or provide access to ambiguity, flux, and social change. For this reason, the method is frequently used to explore new fields of enquiry, and to complement more statistical and generalizing studies. A more recent approach, however, deals with the interpretive procedures through which biographical work gets done, and with the analysis of life-story production. The distinction between the two approaches is prominent in Norman Denzin's Interpretive Biography (1989). See also CASE-HISTORY.
"life-history." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 9, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/life-history
"life-history." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Retrieved December 09, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/life-history
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.